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International Conference on Thermodynamics, Heat & Mass Transfer, will be organized around the theme “Empirical Evidence for Innovations towards Thermal Engineering”
Thermal Engineering 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Thermal Engineering 2019
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Thermal Engineering is controlling heating or cooling processes in an enclosed environment or an open environment using various equipment’s. It involves the science of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer. Thermal Engineering is also a study of energy transport particularly; in nanoscale structure to obtain knowledge and understanding of the scientific effects on physical world that can engineer discoveries in industrial energy applications. Thermal engineering may be practiced by mechanical engineers and chemical engineers.
- Track 1-1Thermal power plants
- Track 1-2Heat exchangers
- Track 1-3Solar heating
- Track 1-4Boiler design
Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel when burned with oxygen. It can be used in electrochemical cells or internal combustion engines to power vehicles or electric devices. Since hydrogen gas is so light, it rises in the atmosphere and is therefore rarely found in its pure form, H2. In a flame of pure hydrogen gas, burning in air, the hydrogen reacts with oxygen to form water H2O and releases energy. If carried out in atmospheric air instead of pure oxygen, as is usually the case, hydrogen combustion may yield small amounts of nitrogen oxides; along with the water vapor. The energy released enables hydrogen to act as a fuel. If it is used simply for heat, the usual thermodynamics limits on the thermal efficiency apply.
- Track 2-1Production
- Track 2-2Energy
- Track 2-3Applications
- Track 2-4Advancements
Chemical thermodynamics is the study of the interrelation of heat and work with chemical reactions or with physical changes of state within the confines of the laws of thermodynamics. Chemical thermodynamics involves not only laboratory measurements of various thermodynamic properties, but also the application of mathematical methods to the study of chemical questions and the spontaneity of processes. The structure of chemical thermodynamics is based on the first two laws of thermodynamics. This outlines the mathematical framework of chemical thermodynamics.
- Track 3-1Chemical energy
- Track 3-2Chemical reactions
- Track 3-3Non equilibrium
- Track 3-4Gibbs function & Gibbs Energy
Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work. The behavior of these quantities is governed by the four laws of thermodynamics, irrespective of the composition or specific properties of the material or system. Thermodynamics applies to a wide variety of topics in science and engineering, especially physical chemistry, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering. The initial application of thermodynamics to mechanical heat engines was extended early on to the study of chemical compounds and chemical reactions. Statistical thermodynamics, or statistical mechanics, concerned itself with statistical predictions of the collective motion of particles from their microscopic behavior.
- Track 4-1Branches of thermodynamics
- Track 4-2Thermo physical Properties
- Track 4-3Laws of thermodynamics
- Track 4-4Thermal Design and Optimization
- Track 4-5Thermodynamic Instrumentation
- Track 4-6States and processes
- Track 4-7System models
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine. The force is applied typically to pistons, turbine blades, rotor or a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into useful mechanical energy. The term internal combustion engine usually refers to an engine in which combustion is intermittent, such as the more familiar four-stroke and two-stroke piston engines, along with variants, such as the six-stroke piston engine and the Wankel rotary engine. While there are many stationary applications, most ICEs are used in mobile applications and are the dominant power supply for vehicles such as cars, aircraft, and boats.
- Track 5-1Applications
- Track 5-2Classification
- Track 5-3Reciprocating engines
- Track 5-4Ignition
- Track 5-5Lubrication
Solar thermal collector collects heat by absorbing sunlight. The term "solar collector" commonly refers to solar hot water panels, but may refer to installations such as solar parabolic troughs and solar towers; or basic installations such as solar air heaters. Concentrated solar power plants usually use the more complex collectors to generate electricity by heating a fluid to drive a turbine connected to an electrical generator. Simple collectors are typically used in residential and commercial buildings for space heating.
- Track 6-1Solar-thermal collectors heating liquid
- Track 6-2Solar air heating collector types
- Track 6-3Solar-thermal collectors generating electricity
- Track 6-4Solar-thermal collectors heating air
Thermal conductivity is the property of a material to conduct heat. It is evaluated primarily in terms of Fourier's Law for heat conduction. In general, thermal conductivity is a tensor property, expressing the anisotropy of the property. Heat transfer occurs at a lower rate in materials of low thermal conductivity than in materials of high thermal conductivity. Correspondingly, materials of high thermal conductivity are widely used in heat sink applications and materials of low thermal conductivity are used as thermal insulation. The thermal conductivity of a material may depend on temperature.
- Track 7-1Measurement
- Track 7-2Influencing factors
- Track 7-3Physical origins
Cryogenics is the production and behavior of materials at very low temperatures. Scientists assume a gas to be cryogenic if it can be liquefied at or below −150 °C (123 K; −238 °F). The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology has chosen to consider the field of cryogenics as that involving temperature below −180 °C (93 K; −292 °F). Discovery of superconducting materials with critical temperatures significantly above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen has provided new interest in reliable, low cost methods of producing high temperature cryogenic refrigeration. The term "high temperature cryogenic" describes temperatures ranging from above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, −195.79 °C (77.36 K; −320.42 °F), up to −50 °C (223 K; −58 °F), the generally defined upper limit of study referred to as cryogenics.
- Track 8-1Etymology
- Track 8-2Cryogenic fluids
- Track 8-3Industrial applications
- Track 8-4Production
- Track 8-5Detectors
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei or of combining atomic nuclei, or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics. In the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the design, interaction, and maintenance of systems and components like nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, or nuclear weapons. The field also includes the study of medical and other applications of radiation, particularly Ionizing radiation, nuclear safety, heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel, or other related technology and the problems of nuclear proliferation.
- Track 9-1Nuclear medicine and medical physics
- Track 9-2Nuclear materials
- Track 9-3Radiation protection and measurement
- Track 9-4Nuclear engineering organizations
Heat transfer is a part of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy between physical systems. Heat transfer is classified into various mechanisms, such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation, and transfer of energy by phase changes. When an object is at a different temperature from another body or its surroundings, heat flows so that the body and the surroundings reach the same temperature, at which point they are in thermal equilibrium.
- Track 10-1Mechanisms
- Track 10-2Conduction
- Track 10-3Convection
- Track 10-4Phase transition
- Track 10-5Applications
- Track 10-6Advances in Heat Transfer
Heat Exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids. The fluids may be separated by a solid wall to prevent mixing or they may be in direct contact. They are widely used in space heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, power stations, chemical plants, petrochemical plants, petroleum refineries, natural-gas processing, and sewage treatment. The classic example of a heat exchanger is found in an internal combustion engine in which a circulating fluid known as engine coolant flows through radiator coils and air flows past the coils, which cools the coolant and heats the incoming air.
- Track 11-1Flow arrangement
- Track 11-2HVAC air coils
- Track 11-3Helical-coil heat exchangers
- Track 11-4Spiral heat exchangers
- Track 11-5Monitoring and maintenance
- Track 11-6In Industry & Aircraft
The name implies the main function of cooling system is to cool the excess amount of thermal energy that is produced by the body by using coolant as the medium. Cooling is the transfer of thermal energy from one medium to another. In industrial applications, cooling can be critical to ensure that processes do not cause equipment or products to overheat. Many cooling applications use water as a medium to absorb heat because water has a high boiling point and high specific heat. There are many different ways to set up an industrial cooling system, but the three basic types can be summarized by examining how cooling water is used in each system.
- Track 12-1Water cooling
- Track 12-2Cooling Tower
- Track 12-3Radiant cooling
- Track 12-4Applications
- Track 12-5Advancements in cooling systems
Mass transfer is the net movement of mass from one location, usually meaning stream, phase, fraction or component, to another. Mass transfer occurs in many processes, such as absorption, evaporation, drying, precipitation, membrane filtration, and distillation. Mass transfer is used by different scientific disciplines for different processes and mechanisms. The phrase is commonly used in engineering for physical processes that involve diffusive and convective transport of chemical species within physical systems. Mass transfer processes are the evaporation of water from a pond to the atmosphere, the purification of blood in the kidneys and liver, and the distillation of alcohol. In industrial processes, mass transfer operations include separation of chemical components in distillation columns, absorbers such as scrubbers or stripping, adsorbers such as activated carbon beds, and liquid-liquid extraction. Mass transfer is often coupled to additional transport processes, for instance in industrial cooling towers. These towers couple heat transfer to mass transfer by allowing hot water to flow in contact with air. The water is cooled by expelling some of its content in the form of water vapour.
- Track 13-1Mass Transfer Model
- Track 13-2Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Track 13-3Mass Transfer Processes
- Track 13-4Hydrothermal Transfers
- Track 13-5Entropy Generation
- Track 13-6Applied Energy